Europe is a famous tourist destination because of its picturesque roads and wonderful rail journeys. The railway usually passes through valleys, picturesque villages, towns, and bridges with outstanding architecture throughout Europe. Trains that are entirely powered by electricity and deployed in every feasible location. The Alps are a high mountain area in Europe that is home to several of Europe’s tallest railways. Many railways in high elevation areas exist in Switzerland, France, and Spain, as well as well-known tourist train lines.
The Jungfrau Railway, located in the Alps mountain range, is Europe’s tallest railway. Some part of the track is installed by the rack, and a 1,000 mm gauge track. Jungfraujoch is the highest peak in the Bernese Oberland and the station of the Jungfrau railway.
Gornergrat is the second highest railway in the world, and it is located at the Gornergrat’s last station. The Gornergrat’s peak is reached via the Gornergrat rack railway (a rocky ridge in the Pennine Alps). The Gornergrat railway, built with a rack railway, is Europe’s tallest open-air railway. The Zugspitze, at 2,650 meters, is the third highest peak in the Zugspitze range, and it is located just below the Zugspitze peak’s top.
The following are the world’s tallest railways, all of which are above 1800 metres above sea level. The Pilatus railway is the world’s steepest rack railway, covering 4.6 kilometres from Alpnachstad to the terminal.
|Rank||Railway||Highest Point||Country||Highest Point|
|1||Jungfrau||Jungfraujoch||Switzerland||3,454 m |
|2||Gornergrat||Gornergrat||Switzerland||3,090 m |
|3||Zugspitze||Schneefernerhaus||Germany||2,650 m |
|4||Mont Blanc||Nid d'Aigle||France||2,372 m |
|5||Bernina||Ospizio Bernina||Switzerland, Italy||2,253 m |
|6||Brienz–Rothorn||Brienz–Rothorn||Switzerland||2,244 m |
|7||Riffelalp||Riffelalp Resort||Switzerland||2,222 m |
|8||Furka Cogwheel Steam||Furka railway station||Switzerland||2,163 m |
|9||Pilatus||Pilatus||Switzerland||2,073 m |
|10||Lauterbrunnen–Kleine Scheidegg–Grindelwald||Kleine Scheidegg||Switzerland||2,061 m |
|11||Andermatt–Chur||Oberalp Pass||Switzerland||2,043 m |
|12||Montreux–Glion–Rochers-de-Naye||Rochers de Naye||Switzerland||1,968 m |
|13||Schynige Platte||Schynige Platte||Switzerland||1,967 m |
|14||Vall de Nuria||Nuria||Spain||1,964 m |
|15||Artouste||Station d'Artouste||France||1,940 m |
|16||Montenvers||Hotel du Montenvers||France||1,913 m |
|17||Les Montuires–Emosson||Les Montuires||Switzerland||1,822 m |
|18||Albula||Albula Tunnel||Switzerland||1,820 m |
|19||Cercedilla-Cotos||Cotos Railway station||Spain||1,818 m |
|20||Bex–Villars–Bretaye||Bretaye||Switzerland||1,806 m |
Facts to Know
- The Alps are a massive mountain range with hundreds of trains running through it.
- Over a hundred railways run over 1,000 metres. Only the Jungfrau and Gornergrat railways are over 3,000 metres.
- Due to the difficulty of building tracks in hilly terrain, several railway routes were built underground.
- Snowdrift and the seasonal snow, which occurs at 2,000 to 3,000 metres in the Alps, make it impossible to run the train.
- Outside of the Alps, the Vall de Nuria railway is the highest in the Pyrenees mountain range.
- Switzerland is home to many, even the top 11 of the highest railways located in Switzerland.
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