50 Countries of Europe and their Capital Cities

Practically, all countries need a capital city for administration purpose. States, Provinces and other Administrative regions also need capital cities. In Europe, many of the countries whose capital is their largest city. 50 countries in Europe have their own capital cities. Several countries are small by size and with low population. Vatican City is the smallest capital city with a population of around 1,000 while Moscow city in Russia is the largest capital city with a population of 12.2 million. The capital cities of 50 countries listed below including transcontinental countries.

Image by djedj from Pixabay
No #CountryCapitalPopulation
1AlbaniaTirana557,422
2AndorraAndorra la Vella22,256
3ArmeniaYerevan1,060,138
4AustriaVienna2,600,000
5AzerbaijanBaku3,525,000
6BelarusMinsk1,921,807
7BelgiumBrussels178,552
8Bosnia and HerzegovinaSarajevo386,523
9BulgariaSofia1,547,472
10CroatiaZagreb688,163
11CyprusNicosia321,816
12Czech RepublicPrague1,391,508
13DenmarkCopenhagen1,295,686
14EstoniaTallinn446,055
15FinlandHelsinki1,231,595
16FranceParis10,601,122
17GeorgiaTbilisi1,118,035
18GermanyBerlin3,670,622
19GreeceAthens3,090,508
20HungaryBudapest1,759,407
21IcelandReykjavik123,246
22IrelandDublin1,173,179
23ItalyRome4,356,403
24KazakhstanAstana1,006,574
25LatviaRiga641,423
26LiechtensteinVaduz5,537
27LithuaniaVilnius692,528
28LuxembourgLuxembourg (city)107,247
29MacedoniaSkopje506,926
30MaltaValletta355,000
31MoldovaChisinau532,513
32MonacoMonaco38,400
33MontenegroPodgorica187,085
34NetherlandsAmsterdam851,573
35NorwayOslo975,744
36PolandWarsaw1,753,977
37PortugalLisbon2,700,000
38RomaniaBucharest2,106,144
39RussiaMoscow12,228,685
40San MarinoSan Marino4,128
41SerbiaBelgrade1,166,763
42SlovakiaBratislava583,600
43SloveniaLjubljana279,756
44SpainMadrid6,240,000
45SwedenStockholm1,515,017
46SwitzerlandBern133,115
47TurkeyAnkara5,270,575
48UkraineKiev3,375,000
49United KingdomLondon9,787,426
50Vatican CityVatican City1,000

Interesting Facts:

  • Vatican City is the world’s smallest country and also a tiny city.
  • Moscow the capital of Russia located on the European side, Russia’s most part goes to Asia.
  • In Europe, many capital cities are popular tourist destinations, the cities attract thousands of visitors.
  • There are few transcontinental countries like Russia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, and Turkey.
  • In Europe, the transcontinental countries are known as Eurasia.
  • London, Paris, Amsterdam, and Rome are the popular tourist destinations, attracts visitors around the world.
  • San Marino is a city with around 4,000 inhabitants and one of the smallest capital city.