8 Leading Causes of Death in the World

Everyone knows about birth and death in living beings, the lifespan of the humans limited and it’s up to the health of individuals. Natural or Unnatural, soon or later everyone must end their life. The leading Natural deaths by natural causes such as influenza, old age, and heart attack. Natural deaths are less compared to unnatural deaths (accidents, suicide, homicide). The highest natural deaths caused by cardiovascular diseases, around 500 to 600 death per 100,000, and other leading deaths are by infections, cancer, and stroke.

Cardiovascular Diseases

It is a well-known disease in the world and commonly known as Heart attack, around 17.9 million deaths in 2015. The most cardiovascular disease affects older adults (highest at the age between 60 and 80).

Deaths per 100,000: 268
Group: A
Causes: High blood pressure, smoking, diabetes, lack of exercise, obesity, excessive alcohol consumption, poor diet.
Prevention: Healthy eating, exercise, avoiding tobacco smoke, limited alcohol intake Treatment: Treating high blood pressure, high blood lipids, diabetes

Cardiovascular diseases

Parasitic infection

Deaths per 100,000: 211
Group: B
Causes: Contaminated food and water, bug bites.
Treatment: Usually treated with drugs, Consult with your healthcare provider.
Prevention: Wash your hands regularly, Drink clean water, cook food at the recommended temperature, Avoid drinking water from lakes, streams, or ponds.

Infectious by Mosquitoes

Respiratory infections and Diseases

There are many types of infections, categorized two they are Upper respiratory tract infection and Lower respiratory tract infections.

Upper respiratory tract infection

  • headaches
  • stuffed or a runny nose
  • a sore throat
  • sneezing
  • muscle aches and pain

Lower respiratory tract infections

  • breathlessness
  • aches and pains
  • wheezing
  • a sore throat
  • headaches
  • fever and chills
  • blocked nose and sinuses

Respiratory Diseases

  • Neonatal diseases
  • Pulmonary vascular disease
  • Pleural cavity diseases
  • Malignant Tumors (lung cancer, Lymphoma, Head and neck cancer)
  • Benign Tumors
  • Restrictive lung diseases

Deaths per 100,000: 184
Group: B.1 (Infection), B.1.1 (Lower respiratory tract infections, D (Diseases).

Fever Testing

Coronary artery disease

Deaths per 100,000: 116
Group: A.1
Causes: Atherosclerosis of the arteries of the heart
Prevention: Healthy diet, regular exercise, maintaining a healthy weight, quit smoking.
Treatment: Coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG), Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).

Coronary artery disease


Deaths per 100,000: 114
Group: C
Causes: Chemicals, Diet and exercise, Infection, Radiation, Heredity, Physical agents, Hormones, Autoimmune diseases.
Prevention: Dietary, Medication, Vaccination. Management: Chemotherapy, Radiation, Surgery, Palliative care, Immunotherapy, Laser therapy, and Alternative medicine.

Cancer cause by Cigarette


Deaths per 100,000: 88
Group: A.2
Causes: Thrombotic stroke. Embolic stroke, Cerebral hypoperfusion, Venous thrombosis, Intracerebral haemorrhage.
Prevention: Surgery, Diet
Management: Ischemic stroke Hemorrhagic stroke, Stroke unit, Rehabilitation, Self-management.

Unintentional injuries

Deaths per 100,000: 57
Group: E
Unintentional injuries: Motor vehicle crashes, Unintentional positionings, Suffocation, Drowning, Accidental firearm discharges, Burns.



Deaths per 100,000: 44
Group: B.2
Prevention: Safe sex, needle exchange, male circumcision, pre-exposure prophylaxis, Vaccination.
Treatment: Antiviral therapy, Opportunistic infections, Diet, Alternative medicine.
Causes: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)

HIV Virus