There are thousands of lakes in the European region located in different places. The icy mountains and valleys are the birthplaces for many lakes, with different size and depth. Lake Ladoga is the largest lake in Europe with 17,700 sq km, located in Russia.

Image by anvel from Pixabay
RankLargest LakesCountryAverage area
(km2)
1Lake LadogaRussia17,700
2OnegaRussia9,894
3VanernSweden6,450
4SaimaaFinland4,377
5PeipusEstonia, Russia3,555
6VatternSweden1,893
7BeloyeRussia1,290
8VygozeroRussia1,250
9MalarenSweden1,140
10IjsselmeerNetherlans1,100
11PaijanneFinland1,081
12Lake InariFinland1,040
13TopozeroRussia986
14Lake IlmenRussia982
15Lake SevanArmenia940
16SegozeroRussia906
17PielinenFinland894
18OulujarviFinland887
19ImandraRussia876
20MarkermeerNetherlands700

Facts to Know:

  • Ladoga, the largest lake in Europe and the 14th largest in the World. (located in the north-western part of Russia).
  • Many of Europe’s largest lakes located in  Finland and Russia.
  • Vanern, the largest lake in Sweden and the European Union.
  • Europe dotted by thousands of lakes and reservoirs.
  • Many Natural lakes formed 10,000 to 15,000 years ago.
  • The ice of northern Europe is the main source of water for many lakes.
  • Norway, Sweden, and Finland have numerous lakes which covered around 5% to 10% of the total surface area of particular countries.
  • Many natural lakes located in mountain ranges of central Europe.
  • Lakes found in valleys relatively larger and lakes at high altitude are small.
  • Saimaa is the largest lake in Finland while Paijanne lake the deepest.
  • Peipus is the largest lake in Estonia.
  • IJsselmeer, the largest lake in the Netherlands and Western Europe.

Largest Lakes in the Regional division of Europe.

  1. Eastern Europe: Ladoga, Onega, Beloye, Vygozero, Topozero, Ilmen, Sevan, Segozero, Imandra
  2. Northern Europe: Vanern, Saimaa, Peipus, Vattern, Malaren, Paijanne, Inari, Pielinen, Oulujarvi
  3. Western Europe: IJsselmeer, Markermeer, Geneva, Constance, Neusiedi, Neuchatel
  4. Southern Europe: Scutari, Garda, Ohrid, Grea Prespa, Derdap, Alqueva, Maggiore, Mar Menor

Note: Reservoirs and smaller sub-basins are ignored from the list.