List of Official Languages of European Countries

Europe, A continent is made up of many separate countries, each with its own language and culture. Despite the fact that English is a widely spoken language throughout Europe, there are many other languages spoken there. English is widely spoken throughout Europe, yet nearly every nation has its own language. German, French, and Italian, in addition to English, have greater prestige than other languages. People with excellent English skills may be found in the United Kingdom, Ireland, the Netherlands, Sweden, Malta, and Denmark.

Image by Rakesh Belliappa

There are 24 official languages in the European Union (EU).

NoOfficial LanguagesCountries
1BulgarianBulgaria
2CroatianCroatia
3CzechCzech Republic
4DanishDenmark
5DutchBelgium
Netherlands
6EnglishIreland
Malta
United Kingdom
7EstonianEstonia
8FinnishFinland
9FrenchBelgium
France
Luxembourg
10GermanAustria
Belgium
Germany
Luxembourg
11GreekCyprus
Greece
12HungarianHungary
13IrishIreland
14ItalianItaly
15LatvianLatvia
16LithunianLithuania
17MalteseMalta
18PolishPoland
19PortugesePortugal
20RomanianRomania
21SlovakSlovakia
22SlovenianSlovenia
23SpanishSpain
24SwedishSweden
Finland

Official languages outside European Union.

NoOfficial LanguagesCountries
1AlbanianAlbania
2CatalanAndorra
3ArmenianArmenia
4AzerbaijaniAzerbaijan
5BelarusianBelarus
6BosnianBosnia and Herzegovina
7GreekCyprus
8AbkhazianGeorgia
9GeorgiansGeorgia
10IcelandicIceland
11KazakhKazakhstan
12GermanLiechtenstein
Switzerland
13MacedonianMacedonia
14RomanianMoldova
15FrenchMonaco
Switzerland
16MontenegrinMontenegro
17SamiNorway
18NorwegianNorway
19PortuguesePortugal
20RussianRussia
21ItalianSan Marino
Switzerland
22SerbianSerbia
23RomanshSwitzerland
24TurkishTurkey
Cyprus
25UkrainianUkraine
26LatinVatican City

Know More

  • Belgium has three official languages, Dutch, French and German.
  • German, French, Italian, and Romansh are the four official languages of Switzerland.
  • The official languages of Malta are English and Maltese.
  • Importantly, there are over 200 indigenous languages left, some of which are endangered.
  • Many European countries have official languages such as Russian, German, French, Italian, and English.
  • On the other side, English is becoming one of the most widely spoken languages in Europe.
  • Over 200 million people in Europe speak English as a second language.
  • Approximately 94 percent of Europeans are native speakers of an Indo-European language.

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